Page Number and Citation: When once you were in the grip of the Party, what you felt or did not feel, what you did or refrained from doing, made literally no difference. Whatever happened you vanished, and neither you nor your actions were ever heard of again. Winston Smith speaker Related Themes:
British military theorist B. Liddell Hart contends that the enthusiastic acceptance by the Prussian military establishment — especially Moltke the Eldera former student of his  — of what they believed to be Clausewitz's ideas, and the subsequent widespread adoption of the Prussian military system worldwide, had a deleterious effect on military theory and practicedue to their egregious misinterpretation of his ideas: As so often happens, Clausewitz's disciples carried his teaching to an extreme which their master had not intended Impressed yet befogged, they grasped at his vivid leading phrases, seeing only their surface meaning, and missing the deeper current of his thought.
One of the main sources of confusion about Clausewitz's approach lies in his dialectical method of presentation. It is the antithesis in a dialectical argument whose thesis is the point — made earlier in the analysis — that "war is nothing but a duel [or wrestling match, a better translation of the German Zweikampf] on a larger scale.
This synthesis lies in his "fascinating trinity" [wunderliche Dreifaltigkeit]: In fact, he never used the term "total war": In what he called a "logical fantasy," war cannot be waged in a limited way: But in the real world, he said, such rigid logic is unrealistic and dangerous.
As a practical matter, the military objectives in real war that support political objectives generally fall into two broad types: One 1984 dialectical journals quotes explained was that of Panagiotis Kondylisa Greek-German writer and philosopher, who opposed the interpretations of Raymond Aron in Penser la Guerre, Clausewitz, and other liberal writers.
According to Aron, Clausewitz was one of the first writers to condemn the militarism of the Prussian general staff and its war-proneness, based on Clausewitz's argument that "war is a continuation of politics by other means.
He claims that Clausewitz was morally indifferent to war though this probably reflects a lack of familiarity with personal letters from Clausewitz, which demonstrate an acute awareness of war's tragic aspects and that his advice regarding politics' dominance over the conduct of war has nothing to do with pacifist ideas.
Bernard Brodie 's A Guide to the Reading of "On War", in the Princeton translation, expressed his interpretations of the Prussian's theories and provided students with an influential synopsis of this vital work. Moltke's widely quoted statement that "No campaign plan survives first contact with the enemy" is a classic reflection of Clausewitz's insistence on the roles of chance, friction, "fog," uncertainty, and interactivity in war.
Clausewitz's broader thinking came to the fore following Britain's military embarrassments in the Boer War — One example of a heavy Clausewitzian influence in that era is Spenser Wilkinsonjournalist, the first Chichele Professor of Military History at Oxford University, and perhaps the most prominent military analyst in Britain from c.
Another is naval historian Julian Corbett —whose work reflected a deep if idiosyncratic adherence to Clausewitz's concepts and frequently an emphasis on Clausewitz's ideas about 'limited war' and the inherent strengths of the defensive form of war.
Corbett's practical strategic views were often in prominent public conflict with Wilkinson's — see, for example, Wilkinson's article " Strategy at Sea ," The Morning Post, 12 February Liddell Hart in the s erroneously attributed to him the doctrine of "total war" that during the First World War had been embraced by many European general staffs and emulated by the British.
More recent scholars typically see that war as so confused in terms of political rationale that it in fact contradicts much of On War. Gray ; historian Hew Strachan like Wilkinson also the Chichele Professor of Military History at Oxford University, since has been an energetic proponent of the study of Clausewitz, but his own views on Clausewitz's ideas are somewhat ambivalent.
With some interesting exceptions e. JohnstonHoffman NickersonClausewitz had little influence on American military thought before other than via British writers, though Generals Eisenhower and Patton were avid readers.
Mertsalov commented that "It was an irony of fate that the view in the USSR was that it was Lenin who shaped the attitude towards Clausewitz, and that Lenin's dictum that war is a continuation of politics is taken from the work of this [allegedly] anti-humanist anti-revolutionary. In describing the essence of war, Marxism-Leninism takes as its point of departure the premise that war is not an aim in itself, but rather a tool of politics.
In his remarks on Clausewitz's On War, Lenin stressed that "Politics is the reason, and war is only the tool, not the other way around. Consequently, it remains only to subordinate the military point of view to the political". Kissingerhowever, described Lenin's approach as being that politics is a continuation of war by other means, thus turning Clausewitz's argument "on its head.
As for Lenin's approval of Clausewitz, it probably stems from his obsession with the struggle for power. The whole Marxist conception of history is that of successive struggles for power, primarily between social classes.
This was constantly applied by Lenin in a variety of contexts. Thus the entire history of philosophy appears in Lenin's writings as a vast struggle between "idealism" and "materialism".Free summary and analysis of the quotes in Book 1, Chapter 7 of that won't make you snore.
We promise. Explanation of the famous quotes in , including all important speeches, comments, quotations, and monologues.
Gonzales, Analysa Marie Dialectical Notes: Part One: Chapter 1 “ the clocks were striking thirteen,” (pg 1). “On each landing the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall,” (pg 1)/5(15).
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Dialectical Journals: By: George Orwell "War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength" pg. 14 They are the Party slogans, and are written in big letters on .
A. Introduction B. The Allegation C. Working Methods D. Difficulties of proof E. Methods of proof F.
Elements of Proof and Disproof a) General considerations.