This article defines Emerging Adulthood, and explains why it is a relevant concept in educational psychology. It cites authors using emerging adulthood as a framework to study mental and physical health, drug and alcohol use, and identity and personality formation. It also cites references assessing emerging adulthood in a range of cultures.
Successful transition is related to a multitude of factors that includes independent living skills. IDEA stresses the importance of independent living in a variety of ways.
As the level of independence expected of youth with ASD increases during the transition period, the need for a variety of functional life skills grows.
For instance, in a one-year post graduation follow up interview of young adults with ASD or their parents in the 4 counties served by Columbia Regional Program, most of the young adults with ASD were reportedly living with their family or in a foster home; none were on campus or living independently P.
Nationally, outcomes are only marginally better four years post graduation. The only disability group with a poorer outcome was multiple disabilities. Equally or more importantly, young adults with ASD were the least satisfied of all disability groups in their living situation, except for those with traumatic brain injury Newman, L.
Unlike neurotypical peers, youth with ASD do not learn functional life skills by observation. Challenges in functional life skills are not limited to those most impacted by ASD.
Studies of those with Asperger Syndrome have demonstrated that the gap between IQ and independent living skills is marked Green et al. Even the most intelligent person with ASD may arrive at work unshaven, with greasy unkempt hair, wearing smelly, stained and dirty clothes, and with pants legs left tucked into socks after bicycling.
He is unlikely to be aware of the reactions of others and to understand why it is important to follow routines for personal hygiene, grooming and dressing. Unfortunately, as schools have moved more towards academic accountability in both general and special education, fewer functional life skills are taught.
When independent living skills are addressed in the existing core curriculum, they often are introduced as splinter skills. The information and skills appear in learning material, disappear, and then re-appear in a manner that will not adequately prepare youth with ASD for adult life.
Even with universal design, traditional classes, such as home economics and family life, are not enough to meet the learning needs of most students with ASD. Teaching independent living skills is a strong evidence-based practice National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center, Studies have shown that when students learn practical life skills, they are more likely to be successful in their life after high school.
For instance, Roessler et al. White and Weiner found that students who participated in community-based training which involved instruction in non-school, natural environments focused on development of social skills, domestic skills, accessing public transportation, and on-the-job training were more likely to be engaged in the community.
Better independent living outcomes are both needed and possible with explicit instruction.
It is, therefore, essential to consider the independent living skills that youth with need for adult living and to provide direct instruction. A number of special education researchers have noted the importance of training for independence as the primary goal for students with moderate to severe disabilities e.
Instruction in independent living skills is equally important for youth with ASD, including those with high communication and intellectual skills.
No matter how high functioning an individual with ASD may be or may become, they function better as adults if they have had the chance to learn basic skills from crossing the street to good personal hygiene. Teaching critical life skills now will maximize independence in the future.The Rhode Island Department of Health (RIDOH) is advising consumers that several varieties of Duncan Hines cake mix are being recalled because of a positive finding of Salmonella in a retail sample of Duncan Hines Classic White cake mix.
Aug 22, · The whole idea of milestones, of course, is something of an anachronism; it implies a lockstep march toward adulthood that is rare these days. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go.
Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.
He describes emerging adulthood as the time from the end of adolescence to the young-adult responsibilities of a stable job, marriage and parenthood and has made it the subject of a new APA book, "Emerging Adults in America: Coming of Age in the 21st Century," co .
Emerging Adulthood. Directions: first — think about what “being an adult” means — or looks like — to you. How does one become “an adult?”.