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Research Critique 1 Jamber, E. Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, The purpose of the study was to determine possible differences in leadership behaviors, using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale RLSSbetween male and female coaches and among different coaching levels.
The researchers submitted two hypotheses.
The first hypothesis was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in overall leadership behaviors. The second hypothesis was that differences on the RLSS would occur among coaching levels: The sample was nonrandom, including coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis.
Within the sample, 0. With regard to coaching level, 25 0. While this is a good sample size, the problem lies with the distribution of the sample. The sample number for junior high coaches, in particular, is rather low.
A larger sample with regard to all categories would have aided in the data analysis, particularly when looking for possible interactions between gender and coaching level.
This scale is used to measure six leadership behaviors: This produced an ordinal level data set. Scales were administered in a number of environmental settings: The internal consistency for each section was calculated: There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS.
A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female coaches with regard to leadership behaviors.
This is not consistent with the type of data collected. The analysis showed there were no significant differences between male and female coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined separately, there was a significant difference in social support between males and females.
In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches. A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three levels of coaching junior high, high school, and college with regard to leadership behavior in general.
There were significant differences between the three levels. When breaking down the six behaviors and examining them individually, an ANOVA was used to analyze the data. The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: High school coaches scored much higher than college level coaches in democratic behavior.
Junior high coaches were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college coaches. Junior high coaches also demonstrated a lesser degree of social support than either the high school or college coaches.
A MANOVA was again used to analyze the data for any interaction between gender and coaching level with regard to overall leadership behavior.Affordable Papers is an online writing service which has helped students from the UK, US, and Europe for more than 10 years.
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