The daughter of a well-to-do Illinois businessman, Jane often went with her father on his trips to the mills that he owned.
She loved playing in the great heaps of grain in the storerooms. Such a trip usually ended with a stop at the local candy store.
|Bloomfield Players||Haiselden made his decision because the child was born with deformities and he believed the the boy was was mentally and morally defective. Left to itself it has no chance to live.|
One day inher father had business in the town of Freeport. The mill was adjacent next to the poorest section of town. As their horse and carriage turned into the street, Jane saw rows of run-down houses crowded one beside the other. Children dressed in ragged, dirty clothing played in the streets.
Jane had never seen such a place before. Her family lived in a large house in the country. She always had clean clothes to wear and plenty of open space to play in. Her mother died when Jane was two; later, a bout with tuberculosis left the girl with a deformed spine.
Growing up motherless and physically disabled made her sympathetic to other disadvantaged people. InJane Addams entered the Rockford Seminary, as her three sisters had done before her. By that time, it was a generally accepted idea that women could benefit by going to college.
Before, many people believed that college was too strenuous for women. Rockford had been a "finishing school," where women studied religion and how to become graceful and efficient homemakers.
But the curriculum changed while Addams was there. She and her classmates studied regular college subjects, including mathematics, philosophy, Latin and Greek. Addams graduated infull of ambition but with nowhere to go.
Neither of these choices interested Addams.
Her family was not very helpful, either. If she did not marry, they expected her to settle down and help care for relatives. But Addams wanted to put to work what she had learned in school. For the next eight years, she drifted, trying to decide on a career.
Her crooked spine caused her such pain that she was bedridden for six months. Surgeons finally repaired her spine, but she was frail for the rest of her life.
When her father died, the inheritance left her with enough money to live on. Addams traveled to Europe. During one of these trips, she decided what she wanted to do with her life.
It offered recreation and educational programs to the poor. Addams left England determined to set up a similar "settlement house" community center in the United States. Many European immigrants who had come to the U. They spoke little, if any, English and lived in crowded, dirty tenements.
Most worked in nearby factories, earning barely enough money to feed their families.Mary Richmond the foremost founder of the field of social work began her career as a faithful, friendly visitor (Franklin, ).
When Jane Addams established Hull House in the COS was a. Mary E. Richmond () was a contemporary of Jane Addams and an influential leader in the American charity organization movement.
In this biography--the first in-depth study of Richmond's life and work--Elizabeth N. Agnew examines the contributions of this important, if hitherto under-valued, woman to the field of charity and to its development into professional social work.
Jane Addams (September 6, – May 21, ), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
She co-founded, with Ellen Gates Starr, an early settlement . Mary Jo Deegan, in her book Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, was the first person to recover Addams influence on Sociology. Deegan's work has led to recognition of Addams' place in sociology.
The Jane Addams Papers Project was a wonderful resource for studying documents related to Addams, Hull House, other residents, and the interconnected web of . Mary Ellen Richmond was born August 5, in Belleville, Illinois to Henry Richmond, a carriage blacksmith, and Lavinia (née Harris) Richmond.
On the death of her parents while she was very young, Richmond was raised by her maternal grandmother and two aunts in Baltimore, Maryland.