The notion of the Master Race originated from 19th century racial theory, which posited that there is a hierarchy of races, and that cultures degenerate when distinct races mix. To ensure the genetic purity of his country, Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler implemented selective human breeding through the racial pseudo-science of eugenics.
Gibson, chair, Board of Directors Hazel N. The collection traces the history of the nation's oldest civil rights organization from its founding in through the end of the twentieth century.
The records include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, itineraries, biographical material, speeches, testimony, writings, annual convention files, legal case files, legislation, publications, resolutions, policy statements, constitutions, bylaws, charters, contracts, proposals, scripts, financial records, publicity files, manuals, handbooks, music, awards, certificates, directories, subject files, daily mail sheets, notes, lists, questionnaires and surveys, certificates, awards, flags, photographs, maps, and printed matter.
The collection is arranged in nine parts, six of which have a chronological focus. The collection's remaining three parts contain the records of a particular department or contractor. Part IX contains the files of the association's Washington Bureau that served as a liaison between the NAACP and Congress and monitored government agencies administering federal regulations and programs.
Although their organizational formats may vary as a result, the parts often contain similar types of material. The records include Board of Directors files, annual convention files, general office files, branch files, and legal case files.
Board of Directors files include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, and committee records documenting the board's role in setting policy, amending the association's constitution, appointing national officers, authorizing large allocations of funds, approving the formation of branches, adjudicating branch disputes, and setting litigation and lobbying goals.
The board's debates and decisions are recorded in minutes of its monthly meetings supplemented by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records 10 reports submitted by the association's executive secretary or director, general counsel, treasurer, branch Moores ford lynching essay, and department heads.
Committee files reflect the board's work regarding awards and scholarships, branches, budgets, conventions, departmental programs, elections, litigation, membership, personnel, policies, resolutions, public relations, youth work, and other topics of concern to the association.
Annual convention files contain speeches, session minutes, programs, delegate lists, press releases and other publicity material, and material related to award ceremonies, memorial services, staff assignments, security arrangements, and workshops.
The files highlight the annual convention's role as a forum for passing resolutions that guided NAACP policy, an opportunity for local and national NAACP leaders to interact, and a public relations event.
The Board of Directors and annual convention files are organized as separate series in Part I. Most parts include a general office file that documents the work of the NAACP's national staff, especially the executive secretary or director who oversaw the day-to-day operation of the national office and served as the principal spokesperson for the organization.
Featured are correspondence, memoranda, reports, travel files, speeches, and writings of James Weldon Johnson from toWalter Francis White from toRoy Wilkins from toand Benjamin L. Hooks from to Similar types of material are also included for other national officers and key staff members including deputy executive secretaries or directors, Crisis magazine editors, and department heads.
The general office file documents the broad range of civil rights activities administered by the national staff concerning economic development and opportunity, education, health, housing, labor, and military and veterans affairs. Departmental records that are particularly voluminous have been organized as separate series.
Also located in the general office file is material relating to administrative matters including the association's constitution and bylaws, annual reports, organizational histories, and files from departments handling finances, fund-raising, personnel, public relations, and training.
In lieu of a general office file, Part I includes a subject file within the Administrative File series. Part II contains a general office file organized as a separate series.
Branch files documenting activities of local NAACP branches, state conferences, and regional offices consist largely of communications between the national office and local, state, and regional offices retained by the national office.
They do not include records retained in the local offices. Correspondence, memoranda, reports, programs, and newsletters sent to the national office provide information about branch formation and reorganization, elections, internal disputes, membership drives, fund-raising campaigns, meetings, conferences, and training as well as local civil rights activities and programs.
Reports and memoranda of field secretaries, field directors, and regional directors are particularly useful in tracing the progress of civil rights on the local level. The collection's extensive legal files document the NAACP's efforts to end racial discrimination and segregation through federal and state courts.
Included are affidavits, briefs, correspondence, depositions, exhibits, interrogatories, lawyer's notes, petitions, summaries, and trial transcripts representing the NAACP's litigation efforts from its first case defending Pink Franklin in to Brown v.
Board of Education in and the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke decision in Part III contains its records as a separate series. The NAACP continued to pursue litigation through its own Legal Department, however, and its records from the mids through constitute Part V of the collection.
Part I is arranged in nine series: The NAACP's founding and early development is documented through board of directors' minutes and reports, annual conference files, and the correspondence, memoranda, office diaries, speeches, and writings of its founders and early officers including W.
Lampkin, Thurgood Marshall, E. In addition to documenting the association's founding and organizational development, Part I traces the evolution of the NAACP's earliest public campaigns to end racial discrimination and violence against African Americans.
The association's antilynching campaign was prominent among these first efforts. Included are files on antilynching legislation, conferences, meetings, statements, fund-raising campaigns, the Silent Protest Parade ofand extensive background files on lynching practices, including published and unpublished studies, statistics, clippings, and a geographical file.
Labor issues also figure prominently in Part I including the NAACP's opposition to racial segregation in federal agencies, discriminatory hiring practices in public works projects such as the Hoover Dam and Tennessee Valley Authority, labor abuses in the Mississippi Flood Control Project, and the discriminatory practices of labor unions.
Parker to the Supreme Court, William E. The Legal File series documents the association's earliest forays into the courtroom. Other case files document the association's legal attacks on restrictive residential covenants, particularly in Washington, D.
Herndon; and its demand for equal pay for African-American teachers and equal access to education for African-American students, a right argued in Lloyd Gaines's lawsuit against the University of Missouri Law School.
The subject file contains material relating to the American Fund for Public Service's funding of many of the association's early education cases.For Wylie, again, this time in a Playboy essay, “The Abdicating Male And How The Gray Flannel Mind Exploits Him Through His Women”, women have deviously taken control of America’s wealth.
Apr 16, · TZ tag:ashio-midori.com,article/ TZ TZ. Truman later referenced the Moore’s Ford lynching as influencing his decision to create the President’s Committee on Civil Rights and to integrate the military in Despite these actions, there were no prosecutions for the crime committed at Moore’s Ford.
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