Visit Website Meanwhile, many American women were resisting the notion that the ideal woman was a pious, submissive wife and mother concerned exclusively with home and family. Combined, these factors contributed to a new way of thinking about what it meant to be a woman and a citizen in the United States. More than people—mostly women, but also some men—attended, including former African-American slave and activist Frederick Douglass.
The Nineteenth 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution granted women the right to vote, prohibiting any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
It was first drafted in by Susan B. InCongress submitted the amendment to the states for ratification, and in it was ratified by a sufficient number of states to add the amendment to the Constitution.
Not thieves, drunks or prostitutes like the usual defendants there, they included a university student, an author of nursing books, a prominent campaign organizer and two former schoolteachers. All were educated, accomplished and unacquainted with criminal activity.
But today they stood accused in a court of law. What they had actually done was to stand quietly outside the White House carrying banners urging President Woodrow Wilson to support their decades-long struggle to add one sentence to the Constitution: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Anthony Amendment was introduced in Congress in There it lay, regarded with fear and loathing, for almost 40 years. Some saw no point in women voting; with no understanding of politics, they would only vote as their menfolk told them.
Others argued that after getting the vote, women would take over the government.
With such opposition, the Anthony Amendment seemed doomed to lie dormant forever. The six accused of obstructing traffic that summer day in denied all charges, insisting that the crowd outside the White House had gathered only because police had announced that arrests would be made.
Moreover, picketing had gone on since January without obstructing anything, and with no interference. It was, after all, entirely legal.
Why the sudden crackdown now? But the judge declared the ladies outside the White House were the proximate cause of the curious crowd, and must take the consequences.
Besides, he added, there are certain…people…who believe you ladies ought not have the vote.
Refusing to pay, which they saw as admitting guilt, they were led off unrepentant to the Washington jail. Those six made a bit of history that day. They were the first of a long procession of women jailed on trumped-up charges solely for demonstrating for their right to vote.
NWP members came from all across the country and all levels of society, with little in common except dedication to obtaining that right. This was the exclusive goal of the NWP, whose driving force was a determined young woman named Alice Paul. The daughter of Quakers in Moorestown, N. She never married, nor displayed romantic interest in any man or woman.
All her energy was concentrated on her one obsessive passion: Even her closest associates never claimed to know her well, yet her magnetism inspired in them idolizing loyalty. Campaign strategy was her forte, and she planned with such military precision that some likened her to a general.
Paul was expected to raise her own operating funds. With her came her chief assistant Lucy Burns. Paul directing strategy from the background, while Burns was leading public demonstrations.
In MarchWoodrow Wilson began his first term as president. Repeated appeals for his support of the Anthony Amendment were just as repeatedly evaded, Wilson claiming that a president should not try to influence Congress, but should follow the dictates of his party the Democratic Party, then dominated by arch-conservative Southerners.19th Century America.
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Topics. It’s no coincidence that laundry features in so many of these women’s stories. Taking in washing, or going out to other people’s houses to do washing . could be planned to fit around women’s work at home and childcare responsibilities.
Sample Women’s Equality Day Proclamation. Many of you have asked about a Women’s Equality Day Proclamation for your community, workplace, or military base. What 19th-century women really did In a talk on Monday (10 March, ) Sophie McGeevor (Faculty of History) will explain how her research into a collection of autobiographies by working class women is helping to fill a gap in our knowledge of the occupational structure of 19th century Britain.
Architecture; Arts; Art history field; Dance; Film industry "Chick flicks" Films about women; Film directors, cinematographers and screenwriters; Fine arts.
Women’s Equality Day celebrates the 19th Amendment. For nonwhite women, the fight to vote continued for decades. Legalized prejudicial practices blocked women of color from casting ballots.